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Power amplifier

In search for the perfect sound

Integrated Hi-End power amplifier

Built between 1998 and 2001, when I was having a lot of free time (but a bit less of experience).

Hi-End Power Amplifier
Output power:2x120W
Output power (class A):5W (9W)
Number of inputs:3 (RCA)
Harmonic distortions THD (8W by 4Ω load):<0.004% (*)
Harmonic distortions & noise THD+N (8W by 4Ω load):<0.035% (**)
Intermodulation distortions IMD (8W by 4Ω load):<0.006%
Frequency bandwidth (-1dB)0-300Hz
Protection circuits:Overheating,
DC offset & distortion detection
* - Internal measurement card THD is 0.0014%
** - Internal measurement card THD+N is 0.0046%


The case is built completely from aluminium, two massive blocks of radiators that constitute sides of the metal casing are efficient enough to sink the heat from all power transistors working in class A in quite a large range of output power (up to 9W). There are 3 unbalanced inputs (RCA) although looking at the front panel one my think it has 4 inputs. It’s not the case however. The last button is used to switch the bias current of output transistors allowing to increase the maximum output power at which the amplifier works in class A from 5 to 9 Watts.

The amplifier is equipped in a number of protection circuits, which turn off the power supply and disconnect speakers immediately in any of the following cases:
  • overheating,
  • detection of significant distortions of the output signal in comparison to the input signal. This single circuit protects the equipment against a number of cases:
    • DC voltage offset on the output,
    • internal misbehavior of the amplifier,
    • parasitic oscillations,
    • short circuit of the output connectors.
The controlling unit checks also the amplifier condition before connecting the speakers to the output. It won’t let them to be connected until any of the above listed conditions occur.

Hi-End Power Amplifier (Inside) The whole amplifier works in dual-mono configuration. As you can see on the picture the power supply is based on two giant toroidal transformers. Both channels have separated rectifiers and a battery of filtering capacitors of capacitance in total above 94000μF per channel. To minimize the internal resistance of filtering capacitors as a whole I have used 40 smaller capacitors (4700μF). Side effect to that was a problem with turning on the amplifier.
Initially the power supply module was much simpler and it was equipped only in 18800μF of capacity per channel. But this alone caused my apartment main fuses to blow off from time to time. After I decided to upgrade the power supply modules (in 2007) and increased the filtering capacitance 5 times a soft start circuit became a must.

The amplifier is integrated with the pre-amplifier which is based only on discrete elements and working in pure class A configuration within full input signal range (5Vpp). There is no single separating capacitor in the audio path and voltage output offset is eliminated by employing a DC servo circuit. The end power amplifier is based on the excellent IGBT transistors from Toshiba.

Configuration and listening

At the moment the amplifier I’ve built is working in the following configuration:
  • source: AudioLab 8200CD,
  • interconnect: FlatLine Blue Haven,
  • speaker cables: FlatLine Blue Haven,
  • speakers: JMLab Cobal 826.

As for the listening experience I should not be allowed to express myself as my opinions will be definitely biased here. I did many listening sessions with friends. Once we managed to compare my CD player with Marantz SA-15S2. Although both constructions provide a top quality sound we were still able to tell the slight difference between both of them in regards of reproduction of the lower bass registers. This could possibly prove that the amplifier is good enough to allow such comparisons.
Nevertheless it works for 12 years already and provides many pleasant hours of listening to my favorite music.